Major Highlights for the Week
Wednesday, Oct. 28, 1863
During the night of Oct. 28-29, Confederates under Lieutenant General James Longstreet, concerned over the attempts to relieve Chattanooga, Tenn., attacked Brigadier General John W. Geary’s troops at Wauhatchie in Lookout Valley. Despite an intense drive with larger numbers, the Confederates failed and by 4 a.m. the engagement ended in confusion. Northern losses were 78 killed, 327 wounded and 15 missing for a total of 420 casualties. Confederates lost an estimated 34 killed, 305 wounded and 69 missing for an aggregate loss of 408.
Thursday, Oct. 29, 1863
For the last three days of October, Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor, S.C., continued to receive a heavy pounding from the Federal bombardment. There were 33 casualties among the rubble, pounded by 2961 rounds. Still, the Confederate standard flew over the fort.
Major Highlights for the Week
Wednesday, Oct. 21, 1863
Federal Major General Ulysses Grant conferred with displaced commander, Major General William Rosecrans, at Stevenson, Ala., and then headed to Chattanooga, Tenn. From Bridgeport, Ala., to Chattanooga, Grant faced almost impassable, muddy, washed-out mountain roads and was further handicapped by being on crutches since his fall from a horse in New Orleans.
Thursday, Oct. 22, 1863
Federal Major General Ulysses Grant continued to toil over the atrocious roads en route to Chattanooga, where Major General George H. Thomas doggedly resisted the Confederate siege.
Elsewhere, fighting broke out near Volney, Ky.; New Madrid Bend, Tenn.; Brownsville, Miss.; Bloomfield, Mo.; and at Annandale, Rappahannock Bridge and Bealeton, Va.
Author Erik Pettersen of Annapolis, Md., will be at the Dassel History Center at 7 p.m., Tuesday, Oct. 29, to talk about his book Leap of Faith: A Trans-Atlantic Wartime Love Story. It is a story set in 1940; the Nazis had just invaded Norway. A young Swedish nurse receives a wedding proposal and risks a journey through heavily mined waters to marry the man she loves – a Norwegian living more than 3,000 miles away in the U.S. The book chronicles his parents’ somewhat improbable courtship, marriage, and early life in their adopted homeland.
Memories are about all that’s left of it and other roadside restaurants
Before hamburgers and French fries were called fast food, and before McDonald’s and Burger King signs dominated the landscape, homegrown drive-in restaurants sprouted along America’s highways.
In their heyday during the 1950s and ’60s they not only fed hungry travelers right in their cars, but also became gathering spots for teenagers who were declaring their independence behind the wheel of the family sedan or their own vehicle.
Major Highlights for the Week
Wednesday, Oct. 14, 1863
Confederate Lieutenant General Ambrose Powell Hill’s leading corps of the Army of Northern Virginia struck the retreating rear units of Federal Major General George G. Meade’s Army of the Potomac near Bristoe Station, Va. However, Hill’s forces were not sufficient to defeat the strongly posted Federals and the Confederates also failed to strike the center of the long Union column as it retreated. The rearguard action gave Meade time to prepare his lines in and around Centreville, Va., not far from Manassas, the site of two previous battlegrounds. Other fighting in the same area broke out at Catlett’s Station, Gainesville, McLean’s Ford, St. Stephen’s Church, Grove Church, near Centreville and at Brentsville.
Thursday, Oct. 15, 1863
The Army of Northern Virginia and the Army of the Potomac, facing each other in the area along Bull Run, skirmished at McLean’s, Blackburn’s and Mitchell’s fords and at Manassas and Oak Hill. Each army tried to ascertain the other’s strength and intentions.
In Charleston Harbor, S.C., the Confederate submarine H.L. Hunley sank for a second time during a practice dive. Hunley, the inventor, and seven men died. The vessel was raised again.
Friday Oct. 16, 1863
Orders from Washington created the Military Division of the Mississippi, combining the Departments of the Ohio, the Cumberland and the Tennessee with Major General Ulysses Grant in command. Grant was ordered from Vicksburg, Miss., to Cairo, Ill., while Secretary of War Edwin Stanton himself was on his way west to meet with Grant.
Saturday Oct. 17, 1863
Federal Major General Ulysses Grant, at Cairo, Ill., was ordered to proceed to Louisville to receive instructions. En route at Indianapolis, Grant arrived by accident at the same time as Secretary of War Stanton, also heading for Louisville to meet with the general. Proceeding together, Stanton handed Grant his orders that created the Military Division of the Mississippi under his command. The orders had two versions for Grant to choose from. One left department commanders much as they were. The other relieved Major General William Rosecrans from command of the Department of the Cumberland and the army at Chattanooga. Grant accepted the order relieving Rosecrans and placed Major General George H. Thomas in command. Major General William T. Sherman was to lead the Department of the Tennessee, and Major General Ambrose Burnside was to continue heading the Department of the Ohio. Rosecrans, badly beaten at Chickamauga, was criticized for slowness and for being surrounded at Chattanooga. It was hoped that a more stable commander operating under Grant directly would be more effective.
In Washington, President Abraham Lincoln issued a proclamation calling for 300,000 more volunteers for Federal armies.
Sunday, Oct. 18, 1863
Federal Major General Ulysses Grant assumed command of the Military Division of the Mississippi, which gave him control over Federal military operations from the Mississippi River on the west, to the Appalachian Mountains in the east. This came after rumors from Chattanooga that Major General William Rosecrans might retreat. Major General George H. Thomas was now in command of Rosecrans army.
Monday Oct. 19, 1863
It was a day of light fighting as skirmishes broke out at Gainesville, New Baltimore, Catlett’s Station, Haymarket and Buckland Mills, Va.; Zollicoffer and Spurgeon’s Mill, Tenn.; Smith’s Bridge, Miss., Murrell’s Inlet, S.C.; and at Honey Creek, Mo.
Tuesday, Oct. 20, 1863
The Confederate cavalry retired across the Rappahannock River as the campaign towards Bristoe and Manassas ended, resulting in little change of territory and few losses. The casualties for the campaign were 205 Confederates killed; 1,176 wounded for a total of 1,381 casualties. The Federals sustained losses of 136 killed, 733 wounded and 1,423 missing for a total of 2,292 soldiers.
Major General Ulysses Grant, after conferring with Secretary of War Edwin Stanton, left Louisville, Ky., for Chattanooga, Tenn. From Nashville, he wired instructions to Major General Ambrose Burnside in east Tennessee, as well as to other officers.
Where Minnesota Regiments were the week of Oct. 14-20, 1863
1st Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – Participated in the Army of the Potomac’s Bristow Campaign until Oct. 22, 1863.
2nd Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On duty in the Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., until
Nov. 23, 1863.
3rd Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – Participated in the capture of Little Rock, Ark., where they remained for garrison duty until April 28, 1864.
4th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On the march from Helena, Ark., to Corinth, Miss.; then Memphis and Chattanooga, Tenn., until Oct. 20, 1863.
5th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On duty at Bear Creek, Miss., until Oct. 14, 1863.
6th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On garrison duty in Minnesota until June 9, 1864.
7th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On duty in St. Louis, Mo., until April 20, 1864.
8th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On garrison duty in Minnesota until May 24, 1864.
9th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – Moved to Jefferson City, Mo., for duty guarding railroad from Kansas Line to near
St. Louis. Stationed at Rolla, Jefferson City, LaMine Bridge, Warrensburg, Independence, Knob Noster, Kansas City, Waynesville and Franklin with headquarters in Jefferson City until April 14, 1864, and at Rolla from April 14 – May 1864.
10th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On garrison duty and provost duty at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., until April 21, 1864.
1st Regiment Minnesota Cavalry “Mounted Rangers” – On duty at Fort Ripley and Fort Snelling until Dec. 7, 1863.
Brackett’s Battalion of Minnesota Cavalry – On duty along the Tennessee River until Nov. 14, 1863.
Hatch’s Independent Battalion of Cavalry – Organized at Fort Snelling and St. Paul. Companies A, B, C and D marched to Pembina for duty until Nov. 13, 1863.
1st Minnesota Light Artillery Battery – On duty at Vicksburg, Miss., until April 4, 1864.
2nd Independent Battery, Minnesota Light Artillery – On duty in the Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., until Nov. 23, 1863.
3rd Battery, Minnesota Light Artillery – Four sections on duty at Pembina, Fort Ripley, Fort Ridgely and Fort Snelling until June 5, 1864.
2nd United States Sharpshooters, Company A – Participated in the Army of the Potomac’s Bristow Campaign until Oct. 22, 1863.