Tricounty News

Civil War digest: This week 150 years ago Oct. 21-27, 1863

Major Highlights for the Week

Wednesday, Oct. 21, 1863

Federal Major General Ulysses Grant conferred with displaced commander, Major General William Rosecrans, at Stevenson, Ala., and then headed to Chattanooga, Tenn. From Bridgeport, Ala., to Chattanooga, Grant faced almost impassable, muddy, washed-out mountain roads and was further handicapped by being on crutches since his fall from a horse in New Orleans.

Thursday, Oct. 22, 1863

Federal Major General Ulysses Grant continued to toil over the atrocious roads en route to Chattanooga, where Major General George H. Thomas doggedly resisted the Confederate siege.

Elsewhere, fighting broke out near Volney, Ky.; New Madrid Bend, Tenn.; Brownsville, Miss.; Bloomfield, Mo.; and at Annandale, Rappahannock Bridge and Bealeton, Va.

Friday, Oct. 23, 1863

In a major command change, Confederate President Jefferson Davis relieved General Leonidas Polk from command of a corps in the Army of Tennessee. Polk was assigned to organizational work in Mississippi, replacing Lieutenant General William J. Hardee. Davis issued the order from Meridian, Miss., while on his Western tour.

Federal Major General Ulysses Grant arrived at Chattanooga just after dark and stopped by the headquarters of Major General George H. Thomas, where he learned the details of the situation that threatened the besieged Army of the Cumberland.

Saturday, Oct. 24, 1863

At Chattanooga, Federal Major General Ulysses Grant made a personal inspection and ordered a supply line to be opened at Brown’s Ferry on the Tennessee River, which would enable the bases in Alabama to supply the city more directly than by the long, rugged and difficult mountain trail north of the Tennessee. Farther west, Major General William T. Sherman formally assumed command of the Army of the Tennessee, replacing Grant.

President Abraham Lincoln instructed Major General Henry W. Halleck to prepare the Army of the Potomac to attack Confederate General Robert E. Lee’s Army of Northern Virginia. In compliance with the order, Army of the Potomac commander Major General George G. Meade agreed to the speedy preparations.

Sunday, Oct. 25, 1863

Confederate Brigadier General John S. Marmaduke’s forces attacked Pine Bluff, Ark. after his demand for its surrender was refused. Eventually Marmaduke withdrew his forces after partial occupation.

Monday, Oct. 26, 1863

Federal Major General Ulysses Grant’s operations to reopen the Tennessee River into Chattanooga, Tennessee got under way. Major General Joseph Hooker’s force from Virginia crossed the Tennessee at Bridgeport, Ala., and moved eastward towards Chattanooga.

The guns roared again in Charleston, S.C., as the second great bombardment opened from land and sea. Guns and mortars fired on into the night.

Tuesday, Oct. 27, 1863

The second major bombardment of Fort Sumter kicked into high gear with 625 Federal shells fired.

A pontoon bridge was thrown across the Tennessee River below Chattanooga at Brown’s Ferry, Tenn., in a daring operation. In addition, Major General Joseph Hooker advanced his troops from the west to the Wauhatchie
Valley at the western foot of Lookout Mountain. This opening of the line from Lookout Valley to Bridgeport, Ala., relieved Chattanooga and within a few days, full supplies were getting through. Confederate General Braxton Bragg’s siege was being loosened.

Elsewhere, fighting occurred at Tulip, Ark.; Bealton and Rappahannock Stations, Va.; Cherokee County, N.C.; near Elizabeth, W.V.; Clinch Mountain, Tenn.; and Little Bear Creek, Ala.

Where Minnesota Regiments were the week of Oct. 21-27, 1863

1st Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On duty at Bristow Station, Va., until Nov. 7, 1863.

2nd Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On duty in the Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., until
Nov. 23, 1863.

3rd Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – Participated in the capture of Little Rock, Ark., where they remained for garrison duty until April 28, 1864.

4th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – Participated in operations against the Memphis and Charleston Railroad in Alabama until Nov. 23, 1863.

5th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On duty at Canton, Miss., until Nov. 14, 1863.

6th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry  – On garrison duty in Minnesota until June 9, 1864.

7th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On duty in St. Louis, Mo., until April 20, 1864.

8th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On garrison duty in Minnesota until May 24, 1864.

9th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – Moved to Jefferson City, Mo., for duty guarding railroad from Kansas Line to near St. Louis. Stationed at Rolla, Jefferson City, LaMine Bridge, Warrensburg, Independence, Knob Noster, Kansas City, Waynesville and Franklin with headquarters in Jefferson City until April 14, 1864, and at Rolla from April 14 – May 1864.

10th Minnesota Volunteer Infantry – On garrison duty and provost duty at Jefferson Barracks, Mo., until April 21, 1864.

1st Regiment Minnesota Cavalry “Mounted Rangers” – On duty at Fort Ripley and Fort Snelling until Dec. 7, 1863.

Brackett’s Battalion of Minnesota Cavalry – On duty along the Tennessee River until Nov. 14, 1863.

Hatch’s Independent Battalion of Cavalry  – Organized at Fort Snelling and St. Paul. Companies A, B, C and D marched to Pembina for duty until Nov. 13, 1863.

1st Minnesota Light Artillery Battery – On duty at Vicksburg, Miss., until April 4, 1864.

2nd Independent Battery, Minnesota Light Artillery – On duty in the Siege of Chattanooga, Tenn., until Nov. 23, 1863.

3rd Battery, Minnesota Light Artillery  – Four sections on duty at Pembina, Fort Ripley, Fort Ridgely and Fort Snelling until June 5, 1864.

2nd United States Sharpshooters, Company A – On duty at Bristow, Va., until Nov. 7, 1863.